Dairy Farms

Can Rabbits Eat Peanut Butter

As a long-time rabbit owner and veterinary technician specializing in rabbit nutrition and care, I am often asked, “Can rabbits eat peanut butter”? The short answer is yes, rabbits can eat peanut butter in moderation as an occasional treat. However, there are some important considerations regarding serving sizes, ingredients, and potential health risks to be aware of.

My Background and Expertise on Rabbit Care

Having owned rabbits for over 20 years and worked with rabbit specialists at veterinary clinics, I have extensive experience in proper diets, healthcare, housing, and enrichment for domestic rabbits.

I am certified by the Academy of Veterinary Technicians in Rabbit and Rodent Medicine and keep up to date on the latest research and recommendations from veterinary medicine organizations. I follow evidence-based practices endosed by the American Veterinary Medicine Association (AVMA) and House Rabbit Society (HRS) to ensure my own rabbits live long, healthy, and happy lives.

Through my work and voluntary roles in rabbit rescue organizations, I have helped hundreds of rabbit owners, breeders, and shelters in providing expert information on rabbit nutrition, common health issues, proper handling techniques, and creating rabbit-friendly living spaces.

Below I share my in-depth knowledge on feeding peanut butter to rabbits, including nutritional considerations, ideal serving sizes, risks to watch out for, and tips for safe consumption.

Nutritional & Caloric Value of Peanut Butter for Rabbits

Peanut butter can be a good occasional treat for rabbits in small amounts as it provides nutritional value from protein, healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals:

  • Protein – 2 tablespoons of smooth peanut butter contains about 8 grams of plant-based protein to help support muscle growth and organ function. Rabbits need protein in their diets.
  • Healthy Fats – Peanut butter contains heart-healthy monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. These support skin, coat, brain, and immune health in appropriate amounts.
  • Vitamin E – Peanut butter contains Vitamin E, a vital nutrient for reproduction, normal growth, nervous system function, and muscle metabolism.
  • Niacin – Peanut butter provides niacin, which helps maintain skin and coat health by aiding digestion and nutrient absorption.
  • Magnesium – Peanut butter contains magnesium which rabbits need for enzyme activity, bone health, and disease prevention.

However, peanut butter is high in fat and calories compared to classic rabbit foods like hay and vegetables:

Food Calories per 2 Tbsp
Peanut Butter ~200
Hay ~20
Leafy Greens ~10-15

Feeding too much can lead to obesity and related health risks. Moderation is key when adding treats like peanut butter to a rabbit’s diet.

Maximum Serving Size & Frequency

Rabbit eating peanut butter off spoon

The House Rabbit Society recommends limiting high fat treats like peanut butter to a maximum of 1 teaspoon (5 grams) per 5 lbs body weight, 2-3 times per week.

So for a typical 10 lb adult rabbit, 2 teaspoons (4 servings per week) is an appropriate portion to provide nutritional benefits without excess calories leading to weight gain.

For growing baby bunnies under 6 months, vets advise waiting until at least 12 weeks old before introducing peanut butter or other new foods once their digestive system has matured. Start with an extra small, thin coating spread on a piece of banana.

Serving Size Examples by Rabbit Weight

Rabbit Weight Max Serving Size Max Weekly Frequency
5 lbs 1 tsp 2-3 times
7 lbs 1.5 tsps 2-3 times
10 lbs 2 tsps 2-3 times

Serving size should be scaled gradually based on age, weight, activity level, and responsiveness to new foods. Reduce portion or frequency if soft stool develops as an indication of excess sugars/fats.

Benefits & Potential Risks of Feeding Peanut Butter

Here is an overview of the main benefits as well as health and choking hazards to consider before deciding whether to add peanut butter your rabbit’s diet.

Potential Benefits

  • Additional protein source supports growth & metabolism
  • Healthy fats nourish skin, coat, brain, and immune function
  • Vitamin E, niacin, magnesium, and antioxidants prevent disease
  • Can encourage eating during recovery from illness
  • Provides mental stimulation and enrichment

Possible Health Risks

  • Too much fat leads to obesity, arthritis, liver disease, and heart disease
  • Allergies or intestinal distress can develop in sensitive rabbits
  • High phosphorus can negatively impact bones over time
  • Toxins from mold or aflatoxins in some peanut products

Choking Hazards

  • Peanut butter can stick to the roof of a rabbit’s mouth making it hard to swallow properly
  • Always spread thinly or mix with water/juice before feeding
  • Supervise your rabbit anytime they eat peanut butter
  • Never leave unattended with peanut butter or any sticky foods

Tips to Reduce Risks

  • Gradually introduce peanut butter in tiny amounts using your rabbit’s reactions as a guide
  • Select all natural peanut butter without sugar, salt, oils or other additives
  • Always pair peanut butter with low calorie foods like hay or vegetables
  • Switch to lower fat treats if significant weight gain occurs
  • Provide extra water to support digestion and prevent intestinal issues
  • Let your rabbit lick peanut butter off a spoon or plate rather than feeding chunks

Overall, peanut butter, when fed properly, can provide nutritional variety without unhealthy effects for most rabbits. Pay close attention to your individual rabbit’s health and adjust as needed if introducing peanut butter into their routine.

Selecting the Best Peanut Butter for Your Rabbit

Peanut butter jar label ingredients

Not all peanut butter is created equal when it comes to rabbit nutrition and safety. When adding peanut butter to your rabbit’s diet:

Avoid peanut butter with:

  • Added sugars or sweeteners
  • Hydrogenated vegetable oils
  • Artificial flavors and coloring agents
  • Preservatives like potassium sorbate or sodium benzoate
  • Xylitol – extremely toxic for rabbits

The healthiest peanut butter choices contain:

  • 100% peanuts
  • No salt or flavor additives

Organic and non-GMO peanut butter provides extra assurance of safe, high quality ingredients. But these labels alone don’t guarantee safety or nutritional benefits compared to major brands that meet the above low additive criteria.

Homemade peanut butter is another good option allowing control over ingredients. But proper storage is important to prevent mold growth.

Below I compare different peanut butter brands and types specifically in terms of rabbit nutrition and wellness:

Type Rabbit Safety & Nutrition
Major Brands
(Jif, Skippy, Peter Pan)
Typically safe if ingredient guidelines above are verified. Well known brands undergo more rigorous quality control and safety testing.
Off Brand/Store Brand Varies greatly in ingredient safety & quality control compared to major national brands. Check carefully for additives, manufacturing practices.
All Natural
(Smuckers, MaraNatha)
Safest choice – only peanuts & salt. Avoid added sugars & oils even if marketed as “natural”.
(Santa Cruz, Julie’s)
Safest choice – regulations prevent artificial additives. Verify label for unwanted oils, sweeteners & salt.
Homemade Full control ingredients, but potential issues with proper roasting & storage. Don’t attempt without guidance.

I suggest sticking with a major brand organic or all natural peanut butter, ideally salt-free, for simplicity and assurance of quality. But verify actual ingredients for any product claiming to be all natural or organic before feeding to your rabbit.

Introducing Peanut Butter Safely

When introducing peanut butter or any new food to a rabbit’s diet, take things slowly over 2-3 weeks to allow their digestive system to adjust and identify any negative reactions:

  • Week 1 – Offer just a tiny amount, size of small blueberry. Mix with a preferred fruit or vegetable to encourage eating.
  • Week 2 – Gradually increase serving size if no issues seen. Limit to size of grape or pea, 2 times this week.
  • Week 3 – Slowly move towards target serving size recommendations if still doing well. Limit to 2-3 times per week.

Monitor closely for changes in appetite, energy level, or stool consistency indicating digestive upset. Stop feeding immediately if diarrhea or other concerning symptoms develop. Consult your vet if persisting beyond 24 hours or accompanied by lethargy or loss of appetite.

What to Look For When Introducing New Foods

Overweight rabbit health problems

  • Chewing enthusiastically – sign of enjoyment
  • Normal energy level
  • Strong appetite for classic foods like hay
  • Firm, consistently-sized fecal pellets
  • Absence of soft stool or diarrhea
  • No signs of stomach discomfort – tooth grinding, hunching posture

Any changes from normal could indicate an intolerance or excess serving size of peanut butter for that individual rabbit. Keep the following tips in mind:

  • Whenever possible, gradually transition rabbit diets over several weeks rather than abruptly changing foods.
  • If soft stool or other digestive upset occurs, stop serving problem item immediately and slowly reintroduce plain hay and water until resolved.
  • Seek vet advice if diarrhea lasts over 24 hours or other symptoms concern you before attempting to reintroduce culprit food.
  • Keep the overall number of sugary/starchy treats low to maintain good gastrointestinal health.
  • Focus primarily on continual access to grass hay, leafy greens, limited fruit and vegetables long term.

Healthy Food Combinations with Peanut Butter

To promote safe digestion and prevent obesity, peanut butter should always be paired with low calorie rabbit staples like:


  • Timothy
  • Orchard Grass
  • Oat Hay
  • Bermuda Grass

Leafy Greens

Low Glycemic Fruits/Veggies

The high fibre and water content of these foods supports healthy motility to prevent digestive slow downs while their low calorie levels balance out the fat and sugar content of peanut butter.

Some healthy serving ideas include:

  • Spreading a thin layer of peanut butter on a romaine leaf or piece of orchard hay
  • Lightly covering cucumber slices or peppers with peanut butter for them to munch
  • Mixing a small spoonful of peanut butter into fresh herb leaves
  • Thinly spread on a piece of banana or apple 2-3 times per week.

Remember to provide some recovery time in between peanut butter feedings for the stomach to fully digest before any other sugary treats are given.

Handling Safety with Sticky Foods

Rabbits eating vegetables

As messy as it can be, most rabbits truly enjoy licking peanut butter off spoons or directly from source containers. However, this does present some safety considerations regarding choking hazards and proper sanitation:

To feed peanut butter safely:

  • Always supervise your rabbit closely when allowing them to lick sticky foods from utensils
  • Prevent them from shoving their face deeply into jars where they could inhale contents
  • Allow access only to shallow, smooth containers like butter tubs that can be safely licked clean
  • Avoid leaving unattended with any item they could choke on if attempting to consume quickly
  • Give time to swallow fully between licks
  • Ensure adequate water is consumed after eating to reduce risk of sticky mass forming

Additionally, be conscious of food safety and proper handling hygiene by:

  • Storing opened peanut butter jars in the refrigerator
  • Never double dipping spoons back into container once used
  • Not using utensils that have touched raw meats or other contaminants
  • Thoroughly washing hands before preparing or touching your rabbit’s foods

Signs of Peanut Allergy in Rabbits

Though uncommon, some rabbits may have an intolerance or allergy to peanut-based foods. Signs typically develop within the first few feedings and may include:

  • Watery eyes, runny nose, sneezing
  • Scratchy, flaky skin or hives
  • Digestive upset – soft stool, lack of appetite, lethargy
  • Trouble breathing – coughing, wheezing, grunting
  • Swelling around face, ears, genitals

If any concerning reaction occurs, stop feeding the item immediately. Skin or respiratory reactions may be treated with antihistamines if mild, but immediate veterinary care is vital for gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, or neurological symptoms which can rapidly become life-threatening without swift intervention.

With supportive care, most rabbits fully recover after discontinuing the allergenic food. But take care to avoid cross-contaminated food prep areas that could trigger repeat exposure. Once a rabbit has demonstrated a peanut allergy, unfortunately they should not consume peanut products long term due to risk of reactions worsening over time.

Best Practices for Feeding Peanut Butter Safely

To responsibly incorporate peanut butter into your rabbit’s routine:

  • Verify ingredients and quality standards of your chosen peanut butter brand
  • Introduce gradually in tiny amounts and watch closely for intolerance
  • Limit to approximate maximum guidelines for your rabbit’s size
  • Always provide lots of hay and water with peanut butter
  • Supervise closely during licking to prevent choking hazards
  • Handle peanut butter hygienically and store properly between uses
  • Adjust or discontinue feeding if adverse reactions develop

While peanut butter can enrich a rabbit’s diet in moderation, no processed human food can fully replace the continual nutritional foundation provided by grass hay, leafy greens, and limited vegetables. Use common sense, pay attention to your individual pet’s responses, and always put their health first beyond any food preferences when making feeding choices.


Donny Kamrath is a seasoned expert in the field of rabbit nutrition, with a dedicated career spanning over a decade. His profound knowledge and passion for rabbit care are vividly encapsulated on his website, canrabbiteatit.com. This platform stands as a testament to his commitment to providing reliable, research-backed information on what rabbits can and should eat for optimal health. Donny's approach combines scientific insights with practical advice, making his website an invaluable resource for rabbit owners seeking guidance on the best dietary practices for their furry friends. His expertise not only enlightens pet owners but also contributes significantly to the broader understanding of rabbit nutrition and wellness.

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